hamima Begum’s school and the police both “missed opportunities” before the then-schoolgirl travelled to Syria and aligned with the so-called Islamic State (IS), a court has heard.
Ms Begum was 15 when she and two other east London schoolgirls travelled to Syria to be a part of IS in February 2015.
Her British citizenship was revoked on national safety grounds shortly after she was discovered, 9 months pregnant, in a Syrian refugee camp in February 2019.
Ms Begum, now 23, is difficult the Home Office’s choice to take away her British citizenship, together with her attorneys arguing that the division had a legal obligation to examine whether or not she was a victim of trafficking when the choice was made.
On Tuesday, Samantha Knights KC, for Ms Begum said: “In this case we say there were missed opportunities, both at the school… and in relation to the police and the secretary of state taking the decision to deprive, must take those failings into account.”
Ms Begum’s attorneys have said that she was “recruited, transported, transferred, harboured and received in Syria for the purposes of ‘sexual exploitation’ and ‘marriage’ to an adult male”.
In written submissions, Ms Knights and Dan Squires KC said there “were a series of obvious questions of individual, local and national importance as to whether steps could and should have been taken” by organisations together with the Metropolitan Police, Ms Begum’s school, the Home Office and the safety services “that might have prevented the girls’ travel or led to their interception before they arrived in Syria”.
The barristers said there have been questions on whether or not “key indicators” that Ms Begum and her two friends have been at threat of being trafficked have been missed by the police or safety services.
Ms Knights told the court that whereas a victim of trafficking may nonetheless be prosecuted or disadvantaged of their citizenship, “terrorism and trafficking are inextricably linked”.
The Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC )beforehand heard that a part of the take a look at before an individual is disadvantaged of their British citizenship is whether or not it’s “conducive to the public good”.
She later said that any potential failure by state our bodies “needs to be investigated because it goes to the position of conducive to the public good.”
In written submissions, Sir James Eadie KC, for the Home Office, said there was “no ‘credible suspicion’ that she was a victim of trafficking or was at real and immediate risk of being trafficked prior to her travel from the UK”.
He continued: “At 10 December 2014 both the police and Ms Begum’s school turned their minds to the question of her potentially travelling to Syria to align with ISIL. However, both considered the risk was low.”
Sir James said that Ms Begum’s case requires her to show that her school, native authority and the police “fell into error in their assessment of the same issue at the same time”.
“The deprivation decision cannot be retrospectively invalidated by alleged failings to properly investigate, which are said to have occurred after Ms Begum left the UK, and by other entities which were not involved in the deprivation decision,” he continued.
The barrister said that Ms Begum would have to show that “multiple investigations” have been insufficient, including: “There is no evidential foundation for that.”
“What Ms Begum cannot do is speculate to generate a hypothetical link between what further investigation by those entities might have achieved, and the investigation that was undertaken here,” Sir James added.
He later said it was “entirely possible that someone may have been trafficked – which the secretary of state does not accept occurred in this case – but remains a risk to national security”.
Sir James said that the then-home secretary took under consideration Ms Begum’s age, how she travelled to Syria – together with doubtless on-line radicalisation – and her activity in Syria, when making the choice to take away her British citizenship.
The listening to in London before Mr Justice Jay is due to end on Friday, with a call anticipated in writing at a later date.