Lung Cancer Awareness Month: Can HIV increase lung cancer risk?

Lung Cancer Awareness Month: Can HIV increase lung cancer risk?

Cancer is likely one of the commonest medical circumstances that individuals face immediately. An increase in reported lung cancer cases may be attributed to life-style adjustments, elevated air pollution, cigarette smoking, intricate gene interactions, alcohol consumption, and environment friendly diagnostics. The National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (NICPR) report reveals 13.9 lakh new cancer cases are detected each year and eight.5 lakh cancer-related fatalities happen.

Among all kinds of cancer, lung cancer continues to be the top reason behind cancer deaths worldwide. Lung cancer alone accounts for a lot of the cancer burden in India. It begins within the lungs and might unfold to the lymph nodes, mind, liver, or adrenal glands. It happens for varied causes like genetics and air air pollution, however smoking is the largest reason behind lung cancer. Most lung cancer cases are believed to be brought on by smoking. Another trigger that may increase the danger of lung cancer is HIV (the human immunodeficiency virus).

Link between HIV and lung cancer:

HIV is a virus that targets immune cells, making an individual extra prone to other infections and issues. HIV reduces an individual’s capacity to combat infections by weakening the immune system. If it’s not handled, it could flip into AIDS, which may be life-threatening. The threat of lung cancer has been estimated to be 2-7 occasions larger in HIV-infected sufferers than within the general population. It is likely one of the largest causes of demise amongst HIV sufferers. The essential causes of lung cancer in HIV sufferers are age and weak immune programs.

causes of lung cancer
HIV targets the immune system. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Due to new, improved remedies and some life-style adjustments, individuals with HIV can live an extended time. People get bodily weaker as they age, making them extra susceptible to chronic diseases similar to cancer. Their immune programs additionally weaken. Cancer and other age-related diseases have pathogenesis that’s impacted by organic programs that govern getting older. Two out of each three cases of lung cancer are detected in adults over the age of 65, with most individuals being older than 45. HIV sufferers with already weakened immune programs deteriorate with age, and they’re at a threat of growing lung cancer.

As HIV is a critical situation, a frequent prognosis of lung cancer is necessary. There are a couple of kinds of biopsies that may be finished under professional supervision to detect lung cancer, like Fine-Needle Aspiration (FNA), Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS), Bronchoscopy, Pleuroscopy biopsy, and Open biopsy.

How can HIV sufferers shield themselves from the weakening of their immune programs?

Follow these few suggestions:

1. Stop smoking: According to the examine, a 35-year-old smoker with HIV has a median life expectancy of 62.6 years, in contrast to 78.4 years for a non-smoker with HIV—a lack of practically 16 years. It is greatest to quit smoking.

2. Healthy weight-reduction plan: Eating a nutritious diet stuffed with greens and fruits can at all times be useful to make the immune system stronger.

causes of lung cancer
Protect your lungs. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

3. Stay energetic: Regular exercise reduces the prospect of inflammation within the body, which helps construct the immune system. So, HIV sufferers ought to usually exercise and keep match and energetic.

Takeaway

By making a couple of adjustments and getting handled at the suitable time, HIV sufferers can keep away from the danger of growing the fourth commonest kind of cancer on this planet, lung cancer.

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